US President Barack Obama and the Scottish National Party have not always seen eye to eye. There was his eleventh hour plea in the Scottish independence referendum for voters to stay with the UK and reject separation.

But today there is unity between Mr Obama and First Minister Nicola Sturgeon. Both are urging that we remain part of the EU and reject independence.

Of course, the SNP has not always been in favour of EU membership. For many years it urged withdrawal. And today SNP supporters favouring a vote to leave include veteran independence campaigner Jim Sillars.

But what of the US President’s intervention in the debate? I don’t dispute his right to tell us his views on the EU or indeed, to challenge his responsibility to defend and protect the interests of the US as he sees them. That is the first duty of a President.

But I do take issue with the view that the UK would be safer, stronger and better equipped economically by remaining an EU member.

That may mask an altogether more basic view across the US administration: that it is simply more convenient to have to deal with one European leader rather than different country presidents and prime ministers. It reflects a concern for corporate convenience.

Remember Henry Kissinger’s frustrated outburst: “When I want to speak to Europe, who do I ring?”

Obama set out his arguments that the EU is a politically stable entity, a successful economic bloc and one that is making progress, But what is the evidence?

The EU is struggling to reach a coherent policy on the biggest single issue it currently faces.

For the past eighteen months it has failed to find common ground on the millions of refugees and economic migrants who have flooded in from the Middle East and northern Africa.

This has created violent stand-offs at EU borders and fuelled rising social and political apprehension across the region – strong enough to bring thousands onto the streets in protest and to sap support from centrist, consensus parties. The stable social democratic political order that has prevailed for decades is under threat. And there is no sign of this threat abating.

Europe’s single currency is threatened by continuing deep austerity in Greece and questions over financial stability in several other southern European economies.

Talks on yet another bail-out package with Greece’s creditors have failed to reach an accord and may yet fail. The country’s unemployment rate remains around 24 per cent and its debts are colossal. There is a persistent belief that a break-up of the Eurozone is more likely than not.

Across the single currency zone the post financial crisis recovery struggles to gain traction. It may be argued that Greece is a small, peripheral member of the Euro zone of little consequence for the rest of the single currency area.

But problems are not confined to Greece. There is a looming banking crisis in Italy, with a run on capital and banks struggling to survive under the weight of bad loans. Support for Euro sceptic parties is also growing here.

Austria’s far-right Freedom Party candidate has come top in the first round of presidential elections, with Norbert Hofer gaining about 36 per cent of the votes.

The clear victory of the far-right candidate reflects widespread discontent with the status quo, as well as concerns about immigration and the economy. And French voters now threaten to elect the protectionist Marine Le Pen of the Front National as president.

Those who advocate a vote to remain in the EU might say that these problems are nothing new and that constant focus on them obscures the benefits for the UK that EU membership would hold for trade and investment.

Obama hails the EU as a successful single market and identifies the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership as an example of its ability to expand markets.

But the Dutch are not totally convinced: in fact, they want a referendum on it. Here in the UK the Left views TTIP as a crowbar with which to prise apart the NHS. And at various times Hilary Clinton, Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders have all criticised TTIP as a conspiracy of the rich.

Obama’s argument rather suggests that we trail other EU countries in trade and investment. But do we? The UK is the world’s 10th most competitive economy according to the World Economic Forum’s latest “Global Competitiveness Indicators” report, scoring higher than all but two EU countries (Germany and the Netherlands).

The UK is the 6th best location for business, according to the World Bank’s latest “Doing Business” report and the most popular choice in Europe after Denmark.

According to the latest Global Financial Centres Index (GFCI, Long Finance), London remains the top international financial centre, ahead New York and well ahead of the other leading European centres (Zurich, Luxembourg, Geneva and Frankfurt).

So why shackle ourselves to a failing Euro project?

Obama is asking Britain to do something that the USA constitutionally cannot and would not do – sacrifice its sovereignty. For all its advocacy of free trade agreements, there is no open border with Mexico – and no North American supreme court tries to overrule Congress.

Obama’s America is no friend of shared sovereignty with other countries, never mind “ever closer union”. Rather it believes “our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliance with any portion of the foreign world”.

And it would certainly endorse this advice: “Peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations – entangling alliances with none.”

Quotes from swivel-eyed Brexiteers and Euro sceptics? Not really.

The first is from George Washington. And the second is from Obama’s hero – Thomas Jefferson.

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